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Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs due to the erosion of cartilages at the end of your bones where they meet the joint. The cartilage of the joint degenerates and produces friction within the joints. It usually affects the joint of the knees and hands since they are constantly under stress from daily activities.

There are a lot of symptomatic remedies for this condition but sadly, it is incurable. You need to prevent further damage by practicing a joint-friendly lifestyle.

Chief Complaint

This condition often develop slowly, and worsens over time. Signs and symptoms are as follows:

  • Pain in the joints. Joints hurt during or after movement.
  • Pain in your joint with light pressure.
  • After waking up or not moving for a long period of time, affected body part may feel stiff.
  • Grating sensation in association with movement.
  • Less flexible ( limited range of motion )

Risk Factors

  • The older you get, the more you are likely to develop this condition.
  • Joint injuries, previous trauma, or injury to your joints can start or worsen this condition.
  • The more weight your body is carrying every day, the more pressure you put on your joints, so heavier individuals are more likely to develop this condition.

Physical Examination

If you’ve had previous laboratory tests or imaging studies done, you can present it to your orthopedic specialists for so they can evaluate and determine the progress of your condition.
Your specialist needs to do a physical examination as well, testing your range of motion, flexibility, and strength. This will help them evaluate your condition and provide you the appropriate choices for your treatment.

Diagnostic Tests

  • X-ray – This would show the structure and the extent of the degeneration of your bone.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This test is the most accurate investigation in diagnosing an arthritis. This is a confirmatory test that will reveal the physiologic condition of the affected joint by providing accurate imagery of the site.


Conservatively, you may use the following treatment:

  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSADs) – One of the conservative treatments of Osteoarthritis are NSAIDs. These class of medicine acts as the solution for the inflammation; however, this does not guarantee that symptoms will not come back.
  • Physiotherapy – This alternative treatment helps relieve the symptoms if applied with patience and determination.
  • Steroid Injections – Another one are the steroid injections which is applicable when symptoms are already persistent with NSAIDs.
  • Knee Replacement – The above-mentioned treatments are purely symptom management and could not reverse the condition. The only treatment that can help Osteoarthritis permanently is having a prosthetic implant. If the affected body part is the knee, then knee replacement may be done. During this operation, your whole knee is removed and replaced with an implant. To know more about this, click here.

How can I avoid osteoarthritis?

There are a lot of options to avoid the occurrence of this condition. Here are some ways of preventing OA:

  • Exercise – As early as now, you should start to live an active lifestyle – doing regular and controlled exercise. (As excessive exercise can lead to many other problems in the long run). It would be better to do exercise in the right way and eat foods that strengthen your joint cartilage like vegetables and dairy products.
  • Diet – Since obesity is a major factor for this condition, you should watch your diet and maintain a normal Body Mass Index (BMI).
  • Lifestyle change – As we know that smoking and many other vices is not good for the health, as much as possible, avoid them. Live a healthy lifestyle. Love your body.
    Been having joint problems and would want to be evaluated? Click here to book an appointment with our orthopedic specialist.